- 1 Why did the Spanish use the viceroyalty system?
- 2 Is Peru part of New Spain?
- 3 What were the three types of Spanish settlements in New Spain?
- 4 What were the two Viceroyalties into which the Spanish claims were divided and where were they located?
- 5 What are the 4 viceroyalties?
- 6 What was New Spain known for?
- 7 Why did Spain start colonizing?
- 8 Who freed Peru from Spain?
- 9 Is Peru a Spanish speaking country?
- 10 What were three types of Spanish settlements?
- 11 What are the 4 types of Spanish settlements?
- 12 What is the most significant difference between the colonies of New France and New Spain?
- 13 What states did Spain colonize?
- 14 Who ruled viceroyalties?
- 15 What country was Mexico fighting for independence?
Why did the Spanish use the viceroyalty system?
The viceroyalty was a local, political, social, and administrative institution, created by the Spanish monarchy in the 15th century, for ruling in its overseas territories. This move resulted in two new viceroyalties: New Granada and Río de la Plata.
Is Peru part of New Spain?
Beginning in 1535, its capital was Mexico City. During the colonial period, Spain claimed other territories in the New World in northern and western South America. Most of these holdings fell under the viceroyalty of Peru, which was administered separately from the viceroyalty of New Spain.
What were the three types of Spanish settlements in New Spain?
The laws provided for three kinds of settlements in New Spain: pueblos, presidios (prih SID ee ohz), and missions.
What were the two Viceroyalties into which the Spanish claims were divided and where were they located?
In the eighteenth century, a burgeoning population, among other factors, led the Spanish to split the viceroyalty of Peru apart so that it could be governed more effectively. This move resulted in two new viceroyalties: New Granada and Río de la Plata.
What are the 4 viceroyalties?
The Spanish Americas had four viceroyalties:
- Viceroyalty of New Spain.
- Viceroyalty of Peru.
- Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.
- Viceroyalty of New Granada.
What was New Spain known for?
New Spain became the New World terminus of the Philippine trade. The territory became a vital link between Spain’s New World empire and its East Indies empire.
Why did Spain start colonizing?
Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.
Who freed Peru from Spain?
José de San Martín and his forces liberated Peru and proclaimed its independence from Spain on 28 July 1821. The two leading figures of the South American wars of independence were Simon Bolivar in the north and José de San Martín in the south.
Is Peru a Spanish speaking country?
At the political level, Spanish is the official language of Peru and, in areas where they are common, Quechua, Aymara, and some other Indigenous languages are also the official language.
What were three types of Spanish settlements?
Terms in this set (5)
- Pueblos. Towns which became the centers of trade.
- Mission. Religious communities that included a small town, surronding farmland and a church.
- Presidios. Forts, typically built near the missions.
- Another woed for Plantations.
What are the 4 types of Spanish settlements?
To control the Texas borderlands the Spanish built 4 types of settlements:
- missions – religious communities.
- presidios – military bases.
- towns – small villages with farmers and merchants.
- ranchos – or ranches.
What is the most significant difference between the colonies of New France and New Spain?
One major difference between the two is that the Spanish colonies were much more intensively settled and a much more developed economy was created there than in French colonies.
What states did Spain colonize?
- 1.1 General principles of expansion.
- 1.2 Caribbean islands and the Spanish Main.
- 1.3 Mexico.
- 1.4 Peru.
- 1.5 Chile.
- 1.6 New Granada.
- 1.7 Venezuela.
- 1.8 Río de la Plata and Paraguay.
Who ruled viceroyalties?
Answer: Viceroys were the rulers of viceroyalties hence the name.
What country was Mexico fighting for independence?
Eleven years after the outbreak of the Mexican War of Independence, Spanish Viceroy Juan de O’Donojú signs the Treaty of Córdoba, which approves a plan to make Mexico an independent constitutional monarchy.